Comparison cameras flagship smartphones: iPhone 11 Pro Max, Samsung Galaxy Note10, Huawei Mate 30 Pro, Google Pixel 4 and Sony Xperia 1

Cameras in smartphones are getting better and better, and to compare them is becoming increasingly difficult. The fact is that most devices, especially the flagship, equipped with systems of multiple cameras, and manufacturers in this General logic. Some are limited to two modules, others three, and some four sets. Someone relies on extra wide viewing angle, and someone is working on a dedicated camera for shooting macro or focusing on portrait mode. This means that to test a modern flagship

camera is in the same conditions is hardly possible. For example, we cannot compare wide angle camera iPhone 11 Pro Max and have Google Pixel 4, because the latter it is not. Will not be able to oppose shooting in high definition on Huawei Mate Pro 30 same shot on a Samsung Galaxy Note10 because Korean flagship deprived of this possibility.

All contributors to this comparative test (except Xiaomi Mi Note 10, which, unfortunately, was eliminated due to technical difficulties)

But in most situations, to compare almost all the built-in camera. Fortunately, almost all now have portrait mode with simulated shallow depth of field, everyone has a special night mode, a hybrid support quality zoom. Cloudy, overcast weather, which was at the time of testing for us, because in bright sunlight any smartphone shoots well, and when the reduced light and reduced contrast, everything becomes more complicated – just for testing the camera of the flagship smartphone.

The participants of the test and testing methodology

Today, we compare five flagship smartphones And brands, iPhone 11 Pro Max, Samsung Galaxy Note10, Huawei Mate 30 Pro, Google Pixel 4 and Sony Xperia 1, — detailed reviews of each available. Only if Samsung Galaxy Note10 it is not so, as was the complete test of the model Note10+. For clarity, the characteristics of the cameras are summarized in the table.

Model Features built-in cameras
Huawei Mate 30 Pro The fourth module: 40 + 40 + 8 MP + TOF, ƒ/1,6 + ƒ/1,8 + ƒ/2,4, hybrid auto focus, optical stabilization, dual-led flash
Apple iPhone 11 Pro Max Triple module 12 + 12 + 12 MP, ƒ/1,8 + ƒ/2.0 + ƒ/2.4 GHz, led flash, phase detection autofocus and optical stabilization patisia mostly and telemodul
Google Pixel 4 Double module: 12.2 MP, ƒ/1,7 + 16 MP, ƒ/2.4 GHz, phase detection autofocus, dual-led flash, optical stabilization
Samsung Galaxy Note10 Triple module: 12 MP with variable aperture ƒ/1,5-2,4 + 12 MP, ƒ/2,1 + 16 MP, ƒ/2.2, and phase detection autofocus, optical stabilization basically and telemodul, led flash
Sony Xperia 1 Triple module 12 + 12 + 12 MP, ƒ/1,6 + ƒ/2.4 GHz + ƒ/2,4, phase detection autofocus, led flash, optical stabilization patisia mostly and telemodul

Tested the same as usual, different test scene, simulating the most popular formats of mobile photography: the urban landscape, shooting indoors, macro, portrait, night landscape and so on. When evaluating results, we consider in the first place sharpness and detail, then the saturation, contrast, and overall color reproduction. Individual test for HDR mode will not be because modern smartphones are well learned to turn this off automatically, as necessary (and sometimes not give to turn it off completely), so that in all cases the engine of HDR was set to Auto. Focusing was performed without manually specifying the points with the exception of portraits and macro. Cameras, using sensors with Bayer filter Quad, we were shooting at the default resolution (in the case of Huawei Mate 30 Pro 10 MP), and at the same time decided to hold a separate test all of these megapixel monsters as soon as they come out in sufficient numbers — then Xiaomi Mi Note 10 will be joined to our test. In all cases, the shooting is done with hands, no bipods and tripods, the front camera in comparison is in no way involved. In each test stage, the smartphone may receive from 0 to 5 points, and the winner in the end is determined by the total amount of points. And perhaps that is all there is to know before we start.

Urban shooting in daylight

Start with shooting the urban landscape in the daytime. The weather was cloudy, a little light — ideal conditions to flagship camera showed itself in all its glory.

Scene 1

The first scene is not as simple as it might seem at first glance. The gray sky, the photographer is standing in the shade, the frame has a festive light – all it is capable of pretty “ruffle some feathers” algorithms responsible for setting the color temperature (white balance) and enable HDR.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

And as you can see, all of the subjects differently coped with the task. Overall color scheme is honest at Pixel 4 and Xperia 1. The slightly yellow Apple, Huawei too ruthlessly treated with the lights, and Samsung overdid the saturation. But let’s look at one hundred percent crops from the center of the frame.

Terms of sharpness and detail approved themselves best iPhone Pro Max 11 and Google Pixel 4. Slightly worse, but also quite cool Huawei Mate looks 30, but the Sony smartphones and Samsung is clearly inferior.

  • Huawei Mate 30 Pro – 4 points;
  • Apple iPhone Pro 11 Max 5 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 5 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 3 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 3 points.

Scene 2

The second scene has low contrast, low light and a small amount of fine detail in the frame. Like anything special, but there may be difficulty with focus and the correct definition of white balance. In addition, smartphones will clearly have to increase the sensitivity, and in this case we can estimate the amount of noise or the result of noise reduction algorithms.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

Between the left and right part of the frame is quite a large difference in light levels — here, of course, ought to enable HDR mode. And it looks like it was made by all participants, but the result looks different. If you look at the top left third of the frame and the bottom right, it becomes obvious that the detail is very good Mate 30, but it is clearly peresvety bright part of the frame, one point for sure can be removed. Google and Apple overall a very good result, but detail is slightly lower than the Huawei. Please note how much “noise reduction” in the lower right third of the frame with Samsung Galaxy Note10. Sony Xperia 1 also these sins, but to a lesser extent.

To cut fragments, by the way, it is not so noticeable – the bright part of the frame clearly failed Galaxy Note10 better than dark. In my opinion, for the five second scene of the failed one, maximum score in this test was 4 points.

  • Huawei Mate 30 Pro – 4 points;
  • Apple iPhone 11 Max Pro – 4 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 4 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 3 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 3 points.

Optical, digital and hybrid zoom

Opportunities zoom to the test smartphones are different. For example, Huawei Mate 30 uses the sensor capabilities with the Quad Bayer filter, through which the two-time zoom is obtained by shooting on the main camera and the subsequent crop of the Central part, the result looks like filmed by a separate camera. But for five-time zoom smartphone is switched to the telephoto lens. Pros – good picture with a big zoom cons – this lens can not participate in portrait photography. The iPhone double scaling is performed when switching to a telephoto lens, and five-time – only software. In General, a kind of common denominator of steel two scenes: one with the double zoom, the second with five. We close our eyes to exactly how smartphones scalability, and evaluate only the final result, in terms of sharpness and detail.

Scene 3

The “target” for testing the different zoom modes on smartphones is becoming a Big theatre. First, include double zoom and remove the Quadriga of Apollo on the facade.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

Here we do not care about color reproduction, but I have to note that Note10 obviously a little heavy on the saturation, making the colors are very unnatural. Other participants have the color normal, albeit with slight differences. And now look at the sharpness and detail of the sculpture.

The difference is not so noticeable – all the smartphones performed well, but their background, I would pick iPhone 11 Pro Max for greater detail.

  • Huawei Mate 30 Pro – 4 points;
  • Apple iPhone Pro 11 Max 5 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 4 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 4 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 4 points.

Scene 4

When enabled, a five-time zoom Huawei Mate Pro 30 is the only one who does this optical, switching to the telephoto lens. The rest of the smartphones of our test provide a zoom programmatically using the crop.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

Honestly, I was expecting a more noticeable quality reduction with this approach, but here almost all the test participants managed well. Mate 30 Pro really is the best, but the difference is not as great as expected.

Conspicuously absent from the iPhone 11 Pro Max – in his case, it is evident that the software-only zoom. Although the same Pixel 4, and Xperia 1, Galaxy Note10 managed to do the same more efficiently.

  • Huawei Mate 30 Pro – 5 points;
  • Apple iPhone 11 Pro Max – 3 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 4 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 4 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 4 points.

Shooting in macro mode

None of the tested smartphone has a dedicated camera for macro photography, but they are able to rent a decent macro for the main camera. Here we estimate the minimum focusing distance, and select a distance at which to focus all the test participants. For a more accurate evaluation we use two test scenes and set points on each of them.

Scene 5

Quite simple task for all subjects, so all coped with it well. Pay attention to how becomes noticeable shallow depth of field when shooting at close distances, especially significant in this regard with images Huawei Mate 30 Pro and Sony Xperia 1.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

Sharpness all quite high, but the flagships of Apple and Samsung slightly stand out for the better, but the Sony stands out in the worst. Google Pixel but 4 some reason gave pictures of a cooler hue than you should.

Hardly here it is possible to single out any one device, but, in my opinion, Apple and Samsung have done better than anyone else.

  • Huawei Mate 30 Pro – 4 points;
  • Apple iPhone Pro 11 Max 5 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 4 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 5 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 3 points.

Scene 6

This scene is complicated by the fact that it is in a dimly lit place under the flickering light source, although the EXIF data shows that the smartphone is not required to greatly enhance the sensitivity of the sensors. Original color best captured the iPhone, and Honor, and Pixel again shows a tendency to cooler shades.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

Well, in my opinion, it is simpler to allocate the leader is iPhone 11 Pro Max. Slightly worse, but still did good Pixel 4 and Galaxy Note10. The latter, however, for some reason, turned on the HDR mode, whereby the picture began to look more flat.

The comparative picture shows that the Pixel 4 is the worst of all has been the darkest part of the frame. Because of this I have to remove him one point, but in General, when shooting it’s easy to fix, giving some exposure compensation to plus.

  • Huawei Mate Pro 30 – 3 points;
  • Apple iPhone Pro 11 Max 5 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 4 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 4 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 3 points.

Portrait photography

I can’t shake the feeling that the portrait shooting mode in smartphones – a relatively new phenomenon. Meanwhile, he appeared in 2016, iPhone 7 Plus. However, all other manufacturers are quick to move on it and did about the same thing. At first it seemed to us that for the correct operation of the portrait mode you need a second camera, but Google has convincingly shown that to obtain a perfect result is possible with a single camera. However, in my opinion, perfect for portrait mode still no one – smartphones continues to ruthlessly apply to lush hairstyles, accessories (glasses, earrings), and then blurring them together with the background. This time I tried to choose the most simple portrait scene, or rather two scenes with a full-length portrait and the larger plan to give chance to all participants to Express themselves in all their glory. But even in this case, did well, not all.

Scene 7

Shooting portrait close-up in the room where there is a light source from above, and a well-lit window in the background. No special techniques are not use, and all settings to blur the background (where they are) leave on the default values.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

Since then, as in iPhone 11 Pro Max has behavior Deep Fusion, it has become better in most shots due to the increased micro-contrast and sharpness, but for portraits, these advantages quickly turn into disadvantages. Increased sharpness emphasizes the imperfections of the skin, which makes people less like themselves on the photo. There is the other extreme – excessive zablujena texture of the skin, which hides all the flaws, but at the same time makes a person look like a character from a low-budget anime.

Here was the easiest way to distinguish the leader is a Pixel 4. All the others have done worse, especially Samsung and Sony. In fact, only Google has shown a sharp picture, all other picture came out a little blurry (Apple, Huawei) and some additionally tried to handle its threshold (Samsung, Sony) that adversely affected the result.

  • Huawei Mate 30 Pro – 4 points;
  • Apple iPhone 11 Max Pro – 4 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 5 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 3 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 3 points.

Scene 8

Go outside, where the light more soft and uniform, and add some lights to the background, and he rubs off with greater distance and see what happens.

 
   

From left to right, top row: Huawei Mate Pro 30, iPhone 11 Pro Max; bottom row: 4 Google Pixel, the Samsung Galaxy Note10, Sony Xperia 1

The result of the causes mixed feelings. I have the feeling that all the participants went overboard with the post processing. iPhone reason, tried to equalize the illumination of the face model and background (no additional effects, the survey was conducted in the default mode), and Sony Xperia 1 in such a seemingly simple situation managed to overexpose the frame.

In this test the title of “main twink” gets Huawei Mate 30 Pro, it catches up with the Pixel 4, which took the lead in the first portrait scene. All the others have done worse, but still not going to retake, and go on.

  • Huawei Mate 30 Pro – 5 points;
  • Apple iPhone 11 Pro Max – 3 points;
  • Google Pixel 4 – 4 points;
  • Samsung Galaxy Note10 – 3 points;
  • Sony Xperia 1 – 3 points.

Source: 3dnews.ru

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