Computer month — January 2020

In early January in Las Vegas hosted the annual CES is to learn all the important news, you can by clicking this link. In particular, the company AMD under American events introduced a mobile chip Ryzen 4000, 64-core processor Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and play Radeon 5600 XT RX. Competitors — Intel and NVIDIA — made markedly more modest, but it is already clear that major announcements Trinity await us in the second half of the year. We are talking primarily about the platform LGA1200 and chips based on the architecture of Zen 3. Wow, how interesting!

As always in January, our website has published many articles in which editors 3DNews summed up the past year. In the article “the End of 2019: computer of the month” I have spoken briefly about the main events of the year, and also showed how the homework system has changed over 12 months. At the same time on our site went the final article, on hard disks, solid state drives, gaming graphics cards, processors and monitors.

Computer month — January 2020

“Computer of the month” is a category that is purely Advisory in nature, and all assertions in the articles are supported by evidence in the form of reviews, various tests, personal experience and proven news. The next edition is traditionally published with the support of a computer store “regard”. On the website you can always arrange delivery anywhere in our country and pay for the order online. Details can be read on this page. “Regard” is famous among users is quite adequate prices for computer accessories and a large selection of products. Besides, the store offers free Assembly: you are the configuration — employees of the company it is collected.

“Regard” — partner of the rubric, so the “Computer of the month” we orientirueshsya for the products that are sold in this store. Any Assembly that is displayed in the “Computer of the month” is just a reference point. The links in the “Computer of the month” are the relevant categories of goods store. In addition, the tables indicate the actual at the time of writing, the prices, rounded up to the nearest multiple of 500 rubles. Of course, during the “life cycle” of the material (one month from the date of publication) the cost of certain goods may increase or decrease. Unfortunately, I can’t every day to fix the table in the article.

For beginners who still can not resolve themselves to “make” yourself PC, went out for a detailed walkthrough of the Assembly of the system unit. It turns out that in the “Computer of the month” I tell you how to assemble a computer, and the manual how to do it.

Starter Assembly

The “entry ticket” to the world of modern PC games. The system will allow you to play all the AAA projects in Full HD resolution at mostly high graphics quality settings, but sometimes have to put and average. Such systems do not have significant reserve strength (over the next 2-3 years), replete with compromises, need to upgrade, but are smaller than the other configurations.

Starter Assembly
Processor AMD 1600 Ryzen 5, 6 cores and 12 threads, 3,2 (3,6) GHz, 16 MB L3, AM4, BOX 8 000 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B450 Example:
• ASRock PRO4 B450M
5 500 RUB.
RAM 16 GB DDR4-3000/3200 5 500 RUB.
Video card AMD Radeon RX 570 8 GB 11 500 RUB.
Drive SSD, 240-256 GB SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Crucial BX500 (CT240BX500SSD1);
• ADATA Ultimate SU655 (ASU655SS-240GT-C)
2 500 RUB.
CPU cooler Comes with the processor $ 0.
Case Examples:
• DeepCool MATREXX 30;
• Aerocool Tomahawk-A
2 000 RUB.
Power supply Example:
• Be Quiet System Power 9 500 W
3 500 RUB.
Total 38 500 RUB.

To be honest, to write every month about starting a build is the hardest thing. Harder — because before you is the most contradictory configuration in the “Computer of the month”. Blame, of course, is an attempt to offer you anything worthwhile at a reasonable price. Personally, I have several months not feeling that the LGA1151 platform-v2 have nothing to do in starting the Assembly — because it is hopelessly outdated by 2020.

Judge for yourself: to save money, you have to take a 4-core chip Core i3-9100F and cheap cost level ASRock H310M-HDV. This set along with the Radeon RX 570 is quite wealthy in modern games, but the system, in my opinion, there is no future. Here you want to change the CPU. It is known that new models for LGA1151 platform-v2 will be no more, but this year there will be an updated platform LGA1200. Official website ASRock claims that the model H310M-HDV supports including the 8-core models of the Core i9, but set at such a cost such a chip I would not dare. We held in 2018 test five H310-mainboard — some of them did not provide stable operation even 6-core Core i5-8400 (though under load LinX program). Turns out, 6-core Intel chips prashantame is the ceiling for cards that cost 4-6 thousand rubles.

Motherboard chipset H310 does not have full Express connector M. 2, which summed up the four lines PCI Express 3.0. In an era of rapid NVMe drives, which occurred last year, is a big disadvantage of the platform. And H310 Express and other Junior chipsets for the LGA1151 platform-v2 does not allow the system to use fast memory.

Of course, I could install the starter Assembly to the chipset Z370/Z390 Express. In this case, the system is AMD and Intel would have leveled off in price. But the main question lies in the processor and his subsequent replacement. What do you think, is it easy owner of a PC with some Core i3-7100 to upgrade the processor without replacing everything else in the system unit? I now see that Core i7-7700 in the “Regarde” is worth more than 20 000 rubles. On “Avito” this chip give for 11 000 rubles. Now easier (and more effective) add a bit more and get a Core i5-9400F along with the motherboard if it is only on the Intel platform. I believe the same fate will befall the LGA1151 platform-v2. Hence, the replacement of a 4-core Core i3 6 – or 8-core model will be not very profitable. It’s better just to take something on the platform LGA1200.

This is one of the reasons why starting the Assembly is now represented by only one system. In fact, the AM4 platform, specifically its advantages over the LGA1151-v2 is the second reason. Now that LGA1200 left nothing at all, no sense in 2 – and 4-nuclear processors (not only Intel) I do not see. Now a lot of such systems — office applications, web and multimedia.

In General, we, the editors came to believe that all those who want to assemble new computer based on components of Intel, it makes sense to wait until spring. “Computer of the month” — this is not the place where you are trying to “provisional government”. If you need a gaming PC right now, it makes sense to take a system with a 6-core processor — because the PC at least there is a margin of safety.

For all assemblies, where the LGA1151 platform and AM4-v2, the following logical rule: if you only play, then take the Intel; if not just play it AMD take.

The red starter Assembly, by the way, has not changed, although there was a desire to change Ryzen Ryzen 5 5 1600 to 2600 in January, the difference in price between these chips is only 500 rubles. However, over 8 000 rubles in the build is the boxed version of the most affordable 6-core Zen. It comes with a cooler which, by the way, it will allow to disperse stone to 3.8-3.9 GHz, the main thing — not to pull up too high VCore voltage.

Ryzen 5 1600, by the way, translated into the architecture of Zen+ — search for the model marked YD1600BBAFBOX (these are sold in “Regarde”, by the way). First, included with this chip is more than a simple cooler Wraith Stealth, but there is nothing to worry. Second, the new-old processor runs at a higher frequency — as a result of Ryzen 5 1600 on the B2 stepping is not inferior Ryzen 5 2600, but it is worth a little less.

I advise you to take the system a better mother Board such as the ASRock PRO4 B450M for example. For it released a new BIOS that supports the update AGESA Combo-AM4 1.0.0.4 Patch B. Over time you with the payment can easily change Ryzen Ryzen 1600 5 to 7 3700X. If you do not use applications that load the CPU the same way as a program like Prime95, the power Converter motherboard, that is, not boil. Do not forget that at the end of the year AMD will present the generation of chips Zen 3, which will still be compatible with AM4. I think that it is worth to pay extra for the motherboard 1 500 rubles.

A good alternative would be a 6-core chip Ryzen 5 3500, if not for its price. At the time of writing, the cheapest representative of Zen architecture 2 cost 10 000 rubles taking into account the rounding — pricey though. Here could be the link to Ryzen 5 3500 on AliExpress for less than 8 000, but this chip completely disappeared from the market — apparently all sold out until the New year.

In December, our website contains an overview of the GeForce GTX 1650 SUPER. The new NVIDIA, first, were much better than the simple “one thousand six hundred and fifty.” In Full HD it is faster on average by 30 % — a lot, in my opinion. Secondly, the GeForce GTX 1650 SUPER ahead of the 4-Gigabyte version of the Radeon RX 570 17 %, and 8-Gigabyte Radeon RX 580 by 3 %. Of course, some readers felt that the 3D accelerator is the place to start assembling, because it is significantly ahead of its competitors. But let’s not forget that we are dealing with a video card with 4 GB VRAM. This amount of VRAM is not enough in many cases now, but would like to have even a little margin of safety. See the article “How much RAM is necessary for modern games”, I demonstrated that in three games of the eight 3-GB version of the GeForce GTX 1060 is not enough VRAM in games in Full HD resolution using… medium quality graphics. Average! It is obvious that the GeForce GTX 1650 SUPER and other models with 4 GB of VRAM just yet — that’s all there is — no prospects. So while in the starting the Assembly uses an 8-Gigabyte version of the Radeon RX 570, even if it is 10-17% slower. But in 2021 you will still be able to run new AAA games at medium graphics quality settings.

Besides Radeon RX 570 8 GB costs less — the cheapest model (Power Color) can take over 11 000 rubles, and the GeForce GTX 1650 SUPER worth 500-1, 000 more. And 8-gigabajtnuju version Radeon RX 580 asking for 13 000.

That’s where the GeForce GTX 1650 SUPER show itself is good — so it is in eSports games such as Dota 2, World of Tanks, Counter Strike: Global Offensive, Overwatch and so on. In such applications the presence of only 4 GB will not be a limiting factor, the play will be quite comfortable.

If you read the article “the End of 2019: SSDS”, then learned that shortly observed on the market RAM and SSD communism will be over, prices will surely go up. Guys, time to stock up on memory if you haven’t already! I have long recommend 16 GB kits even in the starting the Assembly and this decision is justified. In older systems using 8-core chips, and all involved modules with a total capacity of 32 GB. Yes, today’s games even at 4K resolution, 16 GB of RAM, but amid all the recent fluctuations in the market better stock up in advance and forget about lack of memory for many, many years.

The base Assembly

With this PC you can safely play the next couple of years all modern games in Full HD resolution at high and maximum graphics quality settings.

The base Assembly
Processor AMD Ryzen 5 3600 6 cores and 12 threads, 3,6 (4,2) GHz, 32 MB L3, AM4, OEM 13 000 RUB.
Intel Core i5-9400F, 6 cores, 2,9 (4,1) GHz, 9 MB L3, LGA1151-v2, OEM 11 000 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B450 Example:
• ASRock PRO4 B450M
5 500 RUB.
Intel Z370/Z390 Express Example:
• ASRock Pro4 Z370M
7 000.
RAM 16 GB DDR4-3000/3200 5 500 RUB.
Video card NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER 6 GB
or
AMD Radeon RX XT 5500 8 GB.
16 000 RUB.
Drives SSD 480-512 GB, PCI Express 3.0 x4 Examples:
• ADATA XPG SX8200 Pro (ASX8200PNP-512GT-C)
5 500 RUB.
HDD at your request
CPU cooler DeepCool GAMMAXX300 1 500 RUB.
Case Examples:
• DeepCool TESSERACT SW Black;
• Cougar MX330-G Black;
• AeroCool Cylon Black
3 000 RUB.
Power supply Examples:
• Be Quiet System Power 600 W 9
4 500 RUB.
Total AMD — 54 500.
Intel — 54 000 RUB.

Talking about basic Assembly let’s start with choosing a graphics card, because the market received a different version of the Radeon RX XT 5500. Our testing shows that the 8-GB model is ahead of the Radeon RX 590 only 1 %, but 25 % less than GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER. The 4-Gigabyte version of the Radeon RX XT 5500 due to lack of memory turns out to be slower by as much as 14 %. I note that at equal level of performance the energy efficiency of Radeon RX 590 is much worse than new items, using a 7-nm chip Navi. So, in the program FurMark GeForce RX 5500 XT 8 GB consumes a maximum of 153 watts, 83 watts less than the Polaris. No electricity you won’t save money, but the results indicate that monitored by PWM version of the Radeon RX XT 5500 (even the cheapest) are guaranteed to be quieter and cooler — these parameters video gaming definitely not worth it to write off.

Chetyrehchastnaya version Radeon RX XT 5500 is in the “Regarde” 13,5-14,5 thousand roubles at that price in front of you is a stillborn product. For the 8-Gigabyte model asking an average of 16 000 rubles. A good option Radeon RX 590 worth 15,000 rubles subject to rounding. To save 1 000 rubles, or choose a more quiet and cool graphics card — you decide, dear readers. Personally, I vote for the second option, but because the table contains 8-Gigabyte version of the Radeon RX XT 5500, but I sincerely hope that in January, this model is still cheaper.

In the framework of the base build looks more attractive GeForce GTRX 1660 SUPER that in January you can get for 16 000 rubles. The TDP of the video card is only 125 watts, and this means that it makes no sense to chase a fancy version of this accelerator. In principle, with the advent of the Radeon RX XT 5500 the disposition of the cards in the base Assembly has not changed. Yes, here and now looks more interesting model of NVIDIA, but on long distances the device looks better than AMD.

As I said, at CES 2020 was submitted to the Radeon RX 5600 XT. Video card got 6 GB VRAM and all kind of trying to look like the device GeForce GTX 16. In my opinion, this is a mistake, but to address the topic of consumption of video RAM modern games (again and again), I will not. Let me just say that, according to internal tests of AMD Radeon RX 5600 XT is ahead of the GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER average 15 %. Only here the recommended price of the novelty, which will go on sale in late January, is 280 US $ (17 000). This means that in Russia, the video card, at least the first two months, will cost approximately 19-20 thousand.

Ryzen 5 3600 is cheaper — and this fact can not but rejoice. All this will lead to the fact that 6-core AMD, most likely, will become the most popular processor 2020 — even last year, despite the shortage and high price, it became the second best sold brand in Russia. We cheaper models such as the 7 Ryzen 2700X (12 500 rubles) and Ryzen 5 2600X (11 500 rubles). If you are using a home PC not only for entertainment but also for work, the 8-core last generation will still be not much better, and in most cases even worse (link to a comparison of these chips attached). In General, in many areas there is an advantage Ryzen 5 3600 and it is especially noticeable in games. For example, when using the stand RTX 2080 GeForce Ti new shestiyaderny AMD is ahead in games processors Ryzen first and second generations (as with six and eight cores) 10-15 %. It is clear that a reference Assembly recommended a much less rapid adapter of class GeForce RX 5500 XT and GeForce GTX 1660 SUPER, and because the resolution of Full HD system Ryzen Ryzen 5 3600 5 2600X will show in most games of the same results. And still really want to see in the “Computer of the month” was presented as many of the systems that later would be easy to modify. In the same system with Ryzen 5 3600 quietly, you can install a faster video card — GeForce RTX 2070 SUPER, for example.

In 2020, it is likely that you will buy motherboard for B450 chipset that will not support chips Ryzen 3000, as it is called, out of the box. Nothing wrong with that, because to update the BIOS version can be armed with a processor Ryzen first or second generations. Or ask to do it in the warranty section of the store in which the purchase was cost. Before buying, always make sure that your chosen motherboard supports the new processors Ryzen! It is simple: search the device name; go to the manufacturers website and open the tab “Support”. These same words apply to the LGA1151 platform-v2 processors Coffee Lake Refresh.

A reference Assembly again recommended Intel Core i5-9400F and, unfortunately, there is no alternative, because we are dealing with the most cheap shestiyadernik for LGA1151 platform-v2. “Down” to the level of a 4-core Core i3 there is no point — this point we have already discussed.

Optimal Assembly

System that is able in most cases to run a particular game at the maximum graphics quality settings at a resolution WQHD.

Optimal Assembly
Processor AMD Ryzen 5 3600 6 cores and 12 threads, 3,6 (4,2) GHz, 32 MB L3, AM4, OEM 13 000 RUB.
Intel Core i5-9500F, 6 cores, 3,0 (4,3) GHz, 9 MB L3, LGA1151-v2, OEM 13 500 RUB.
Motherboard AMD 350/450 Example:
• Gigabyte AORUS PRO B450
7 500 RUB.
Intel Z370/Z390 Express Example:
• ASRock Pro4 Z370M
7 000.
RAM 16 GB DDR4-3000/3200 5 500 RUB.
Video card AMD Radeon RX 5700, 8 GB GDDR6 23, 000.
Drives SSD 480-512 GB, PCI Express 3.0 x4 Examples:
• ADATA XPG SX8200 Pro (ASX8200PNP-512GT-C)
5 500 RUB.
HDD at your request
CPU cooler Examples:
• DeepCool deepcool gammaxx GTE
2 000 RUB.
Case Examples:
• Fractal Design Focus G;
• Phanteks MetallicGear NEO Air Black
4 500 RUB.
Power supply Example:
• Be Quiet Pure Power 11-CM 600 W
6 000 RUB.
Total AMD — 67 000 rubles.
Intel — 67 000 rubles.

“Computer of the month” is read not only regular visitors 3DNews, so periodically in the comments to a particular issue, I see the question: “Why do you suggest only 5 3600 Ryzen Ryzen 7 3700X, but ignore Ryzen Ryzen 5 3600X and 3800X 7?” From the article “review of the AMD Ryzen Ryzen 5 and 3600X 3600 5: shestiyadernik a healthy person” we know that when you load all six cores the first model operates at frequency 4,1-4,35 GHz, and the second, without the letter X, at the frequency of 4.0-4.2 GHz. All Ryzen 3000 poorly amenable to acceleration. It turns out that between these models (and between 7 3700X Ryzen Ryzen 3800X and 7) virtually no difference in performance. Before, when chips based on the architecture of Zen 2 just went on sale, the younger model was worth less than 2-3 thousand rubles. Now the cost, for example, 7 3700X Ryzen Ryzen 3800X and 7 can safely be called equal (subject to rounding both the chip cost 22 500 rubles). It would seem that in such a case, we can advise in all assemblies the older model. Only now that we, the editors believe that the basis of Ryzen Ryzen 5 3600X and 3800X 7 are not the best crystals. The same review of the older 8-core clearly shows that Ryzen 7 3700X and runs cooler and consumes less power.

Quite a long time in the optimal Assembly, Intel processor Core i5-9500F. Unlike the Core i5-9400F, when you load all six cores it runs on a higher frequency: the 4.2 vs 3.9 GHz — this difference can be called significant for the chip, not having the unlocked multiplier. Moreover, the configuration utilizes a video card level GeForce 5700 RX — in Full HD resolution in some games we may well be faced with the effect of processorepiemonte. Here is my small test to prove that the system with Core i5-9500F is faster booth with a Core i5-9400F in games by 10-20 %. However, over the faster 6-core Intel will have to pay for 13 500 rubles. Is it worth paying more for a 300MHz difference? I believe that in the presence of 70 000 rubles that makes sense.

Interestingly, 14 500 rubles you can buy a model of Core i5-9600KF — when loading all cores it runs at a frequency of 4.3 GHz, and therefore take this chip makes sense only when accelerating. Yes, in the optimal Assembly, the processor would look quite harmonious, but that’s under the overclocking will have to take charge and better quality, and cooler more efficient. As a result, the optimal cost Assembly Intel will increase by 7-9 thousand rubles. I have repeatedly pointed out that the dispersal of the 6 – and 8-core Intel chips you need to apply at least the level of Z390 GIGABYTE AORUS PRO with quality power Converter. For example, Core i5-9600K overclocking to 5GHz in demanding tasks consume more than 200 watts.

As always, the best Assembly I put the Radeon RX 5700. Reference version you can get for 23,000 rubles, but sales in the same “Regarde” there is a lot of custom modifications to this accelerator they cost 2-4 thousand more. In principle, the presence of 27 000 you can wipe and buying the GeForce RTX 2060 SUPER — it’s faster Radeon RX 5700 is only 5 %, but at the hardware uropatagium ray tracing. Unlike regular GeForce RTX 2060, faster chip and the extra 2GB of memory will allow you to somehow try out the function of DXR in modern games.

However, already 28 000 rubles, you can take Radeon 5700 XT RX, which is ahead of the GeForce RTX 2060 SUPER by 8 %. As you can see, in recent time there appeared a lot of cards. They have similar performance, and their prices, depending on modification, intersect. Therefore, when choosing a video card very much to solve personal requirements — here you must decide which device would be preferable for you.

Source: 3dnews.ru

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