For those who looked to us at the light for the first time, it will be useful to study the April issue, which gives details on all aspects of choosing components for the six assemblies: starter, basic, optimal, advanced, maximum, and extreme. Don’t see the point to chew each time is the same, so this issue will be described mainly alternative versions of the assemblies and methods to reduce or, conversely, more expensive systems.

Computer of the month — July 2018

For beginners who

still can not resolve themselves to “make” yourself PC, went out for a detailed walkthrough of the Assembly of the system unit. It turns out that in the “Computer of the month” I tell you how to assemble a computer, and the manual how to do it.

Recall that in the heading represent the average prices at “Yandex.Market” (the region of Moscow). Depending on the location and of the selected trading platform you can assemble the same system unit as cheaper and more expensive. The cost of peripherals and software in the calculations is not taken into account, are only evaluated components.

Starter Assembly

The “entry ticket” to the world of modern PC games. The system will allow you to play all the AAA projects in Full HD resolution at least at medium graphics quality settings. Such systems do not have significant reserve strength (over the next 2-3 years), replete with compromises, but are smaller than the other configurations.

Starter Assembly
Processor AMD Ryzen 3 2200G, 4 cores, 3,5 (3,7) GHz, 4 MB L3, AM4, BOX 7 000.
Intel Core i3-8100, 4 cores, 3.6 GHz, 6 MB L3, LGA1151-v2 8 000 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B350 Examples:
• Gigabyte GA-AB350M-D3V;
• ASRock AB350M;
• MSI B350M PRO-VD PLUS
4 500 RUB.
Intel Express H310 Examples:
• ASRock H310M-HDV;
• MSI H310M PRO-VD;
• GIGABYTE S2H H310M
4 500 RUB.
RAM 8 GB DDR4-2400:
• Crucial CT8G4DFS824A;
• Samsung DDR4-2400
6 000 RUB.
Video card NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti, 4 GB GDDR5:
• Palit GeForce GTX 1050 Ti StormX
12 500 RUB.
Drive HDD, 1 TB, 7200 rpm, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Western Digital WD10EZEX;
• Toshiba HDWD110UZSVA;
• Seagate ST1000DM010
3 000 RUB.
CPU cooler Example for Intel:
• Cooler Master DP6-9GDSB-PL-GP
500 RUB.
Case Examples:
• ACCORD P-28B;
• AeroCool CS-1101
1 500 RUB.
Power supply Examples:
• Chieftec TPS-500S 500W;
• FSP Group ATX-500PNR 500 W;
• Thermaltake Smart RGB 500 W
3 000 RUB.
Total AMD — 37 500 rubles.
Intel — 39 000 RUB.

In the last issue of “Computer of the month” I once hinted that the stability of the Assembly, observed the last some months, is in some degree a good thing. Consumers are tired of shy away from changes in currency rate, from the raging miners, sanctions and all that affects not only the prices of iron, but also on its availability. On the other hand, positive change is also not observed, and in the comments to this release probably wrote that 35-40 thousand for a starting build is a lot.

On the one hand, it is impossible not to agree. On the other hand, in the starting Assembly for the most part components just do not will save money, because this system is just the “entry ticket” into the world of modern games. For example, last year in this article, we studied how much RAM consume computer games. Even at minimum graphics quality settings for modern projects require more than 4 GB of RAM. Therefore, you need to take a minimum of 8 GB, how much is a memory module DDR4-2400 this volume you know. I will only add that the AMD build is better to use a module made by Samsung — the practice shows that they quietly dispersed to the effective frequency 3066 MHz or more.

Of course, starting the Assembly requires a video card that will be wealthy in modern games in Full HD resolution at least in the activation medium graphic settings. For a long time in this configuration is a model GeForce GTX 1050 Ti, although there was a period when he had advised in the “Computer of the month” GeForce GTX 1050 (11 000 RUB) and Radeon RX 560 (10 000 RUB.), which are slower on average 30-40 %. In this comparison test you will get acquainted with 8 monitored by PWM models GeForce GTX 1050, and in this review, with the same number of versions of the GeForce GTX 1050 Ti. The fundamental difference between these budget graphics cards NVIDIA is that faster (and expensive) video card equipped with 4 GB of memory, and the Junior model content with just 2GB of VRAM. 2 GB VRAM in 2018 — is not serious, so the GeForce GTX 1050 I can only advise those who play mostly in undemanding games. It is the most popular multiplayer projects like Dota 2, CS: GO, World of Tanks, World of Warcraft, Fortnite, and so on.

By the way, on sale there were versions GeForce GTX 1050 with 3 GB of video memory and they cost the same as a model with 2 GB GDDR5. It only remains to know which option will be preferred for more constrained in cash of the gamer.

In the case of motherboards, too, there is a rather unique situation. For the starting build Intel used the cheapest motherboard with the chipset H310 Express — I will talk about them later. The system is also used cheap AMD Board, but the chipset B350. Junior A320 chipset does not support overclocking of CPU, but works with high frequency memory. As practice shows, buy A320-Board will save 500-1, 000. As you can see, the savings on this device is not much cheaper AMD build, but if, as they say, money is tight, you should not exclude such a development.

In principle, we can start to build the Intel to save on the CPU, because is a Quad-core Core i3-8100 really take dual core Pentium g5400 is Gold (5 000 RUB) is the chip generation Coffee Lake, which supports Hyper-Threading technology. Four threads is still enough for games in 2018, although there are projects like Watch_Dogs 2, GTA V or Assassin’s Creed: Origins, which lack nuclei will manifest itself in the form of an uncontrolled fall of FPS. The Celeron processor (model G4920, G4900 and G4900T), belonging to the family Coffee Lake, Hyper-Threading is not supported. These chips in the “Computer of the month” be considered never will.

I hope the article will never be treated and chip-level Athlon X4 950, and other models for generation of Bristol Ridge. Overview this 4-core was released on our website late last year. Testing shows that the “rock” is frankly bad manifests itself in games with discrete graphics. Honestly, it’s better for 4 000 rubles to buy a 6-core AMD FX-6300 or 8 core FX-8320E for 5 000 rubles, although in this case we are talking about is frankly outdated platform AM3+.

Finally, do not succeed within the start build to save on the case, PSU, and disk subsystem — in table and provided so as cheap as possible components. It turns out that the “entry ticket” into the world of PC games in 2018 is 35-40, 000 depending on where you buy the iron.

The base Assembly

With this PC you can safely play the next couple of years all modern games in Full HD resolution at high and maximum graphics quality settings.

The base Assembly
Processor AMD 2600 Ryzen 5, 6 cores and 12 threads, a 3.4 (and 3.9) GHz, 8+8 MB L3, AM4, OEM 13 500 RUB.
Intel Core i5-8400, 6 cores, 2,8 (4,0) GHz, 9 MB L3, LGA1151-v2, OEM 13 000 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B350 Examples:
• Gigabyte GA-AB350M-D3V;
• ASRock AB350M;
• MSI B350M PRO-VD PLUS
4 500 RUB.
Intel B360 Express Examples:
• ASRock Pro4 B360M;
• Gigabyte AORUS Gaming 3 B360M
• MSI B360M BAZOOKA
6 500 RUB.
RAM 16 GB DDR4-2400/2666:
• Ballistix BLS2C8G4D26BFSBK;
• Samsung M378A1G43EB1-CRC
12 000 RUB.
Video card NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060, 6 GB GDDR5:
• Palit GeForce GTX 1060 Dual;
• Inno3D GeForce GTX 1060 Twin X2

AMD Radeon RX 570, 4 GB GDDR5:
• GIGABYTE Radeon RX 570 AORUS GV-RX570AORUS-4GD;
• ASUS STRIX-STRIX-RX570-4G-GAMING

22 000 RUB.
Drives HDD, 1 TB, 7200 rpm, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Western Digital WD10EZEX;
• Toshiba HDWD110UZSVA;
• Seagate ST1000DM010
3 000 RUB.
SSD 120-128 GB, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Transcend 230S TS128GSSD230S;
• Kingston SUV400S37/120G
3 000 RUB.
CPU cooler Example for Intel:
• Deepcool gammaxx Deepcool 200T
1 000 RUB.
Case Examples:
• Zalman Z3 Plus Black;
• DeepCool TESSERACT;
• Thermaltake Versa N26
3 000 RUB.
Power supply Examples:
• Chieftec GDP-550C 550W;
• Cooler Master B600 ver.2 600 watts
4 000 RUB.
Total AMD — 66, 000.
Intel — 67 500.

Please note: in the previous paragraph examined the options solely to reduce the cost of Assembly. Any attempt to improve the initial configuration leads to its logical transformation into the base system, if we use the classification of “Computer of the month”. It is in the base Assembly doubled the amount of RAM used a small amount of SSD, and graphics card, with which you can play in AAA projects at a high and maximum graphics quality settings. Of course, there is such a system significantly more than previously considered launch configuration.

Thus I again recommend the basic builds AMD and Intel 6-core model. For the “red” system alternative Ryzen 5 2600 is 8-flow Ryzen 5 1500X (the chip in terms of performance is preferable Ryzen 5 2400G). You will save approximately 2 000, but noticeable lose in performance. For Intel under the reference assemblies I optimal alternative options do not see. So, instead of the Core i5-8400 can you buy Quad-core Core i3-8350K, which is equipped with an unlocked multiplier. But for overclocking this CPU need a more expensive Board chipset Express Z370 and good, efficient cooler. However, in multi-threaded tasks overclocking Core i3-8350K still inferior to the Core i5-8400.

Separately, I note that all the AMD processors listed in the table “Computer of the month” have an unlocked multiplier, so they are quite possible to disperse on their own. As I said, overclocking the CPU support Board on the basis of sets of logic B350/450 X370/X470, if we are talking about the platform AM4. In this case, the correct rule: if I overclock the CPU, it’ll take a younger chip in series with the desired number of cores. With respect to the base Assembly instead of Ryzen 5 2600 you can purchase Ryzen 5 1600. However, in this case you will save about 1 000. Still, my observations suggest that dispersal is engaged in a small minority of computer users. And if so, it is better to take a faster chip initially.

In the Assembly, AMD used memory Samsung DDR4-2400, which, as I mentioned, if desired, can be accelerated to the effective frequency 2933-3200 MHz. Buy the Samsung modules marked Mxxxxxxxxxxxx-CRC operating on the effective frequency of 2133 and 2400 MHz. According to our tests, overclocking the memory will noticeably increase the performance of chips Ryzen: the use of the kit DDR4-3200 compared to the kit DDR4-2133 makes the system faster by an average of 15 %. For LGA1151 platform-v2 you can use any kits DDR4-2400/2666 because boards with the chipset H310, B360 and H370 Express to raise the memory clock above will not.

Since last month, for a basic build Intel recommended motherboard chipset B360 Express, although I used to advise the cheaper models on the basis of a set of logic H310 Express. In June, our website has published a comparative review of five of the most affordable matplot for of a new generation of Coffee Lake. Testing demonstrated that the compute-intensive tasks such motherboards are not. Despite official support for such devices even 6-core chip Core i7-8700K, a “ceiling” for H310-boards still believe 6-core Core i5-8400. For example, power Converter ASRock H310M-HDV with this CPU under serious load heated to 130 degrees Celsius. Still want to offer in the “Computer of the month” system has been fully operational in all cases. That is why in the base Assembly Intel now apply more expensive solutions based on chipset B360 Express. Of course, you can save on the motherboard, but in this case, you do so at your own risk.

So, last month our website has published a review of the motherboard ASUS ROG Strix B360-F Gaming. According to Sergey Lepilov the cost of the device is noticeable high, but at the same time, the possibility of a new Intel revealed in full. Plus the motherboard is equipped with quality network and sound controllers.

In the Assembly the AMD recommended motherboard based on chipset B350, though at Computex in 2018, an official announcement of decisions on the basis of logic B450. The new chip has improved functionality. And yet, on the example of ASUS motherboard we have seen that new items albeit a little, but better: the manufacturer has added connectors to connect fans, somewhere changed the location of the expansion slots. Unfortunately, at the time of writing B450-motherboard in the sale has not yet appeared.

Note that the chips Ryzen 2000-series compatible motherboards based on chipsets A320, B350 and X370, however, in order for the device to recognise the CPU, you must update the firmware. This can be done with these CPU Ryzen first-generation or having to reflash the firmware in the warranty Department of the store. By the way, on the boxes of new boards will be affixed an appropriate sticker indicating that the correct version of BIOS already installed.

For a long time in the basic Assembly is the rate on a GeForce GTX 1060 6 GB (22 000 RUB.). Nothing changed in July, but in an alternative and more economical option propose to consider the option of buying Radeon RX 570 4 GB — will save about 2 000. With good acceleration, say up to 1400 MHz on the core, these adapters will show similar results in games, if we are not talking about projects that are always best optimized for a specific GPU architecture (for example, GTA V always works better on systems with NVIDIA graphics). Option GeForce GTX 1060 3 GB uninteresting — this device a productivity GPU, but, unfortunately, the 3 GB VRAM in 2018 is not enough for games on high and maximum graphics quality settings in Full HD resolution.

The cost of the versions of the Radeon RX 580 8 GB, unfortunately, do not even think down to the level of GeForce GTX 1060 6 GB. In July of this model will have to “fork” an average of 25 000 rubles.

Optimal Assembly

System that is able in most cases to run a particular game at the maximum graphics quality settings in Full HD resolution.

Optimal Assembly
Processor AMD Ryzen 5 2600X, 6 cores and 12 threads, 3,6 (4,2) GHz, 8+8 MB L3, AM4, OEM 15 500 RUB.
Intel Core i5-8600, 6 cores, 3,2 (4,3) GHz, 9 MB L3, LGA1151-v2, OEM 15 500 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B350 Examples:
• ASUS PRIME B350-PLUS;
• MSI GAMING B350 PLUS;
• Gigabyte GA-AB350-GAMING 3;
• AB350 ASRock Fatal1ty Gaming K4
6 500 RUB.
Intel Z370 Express Examples:
• ASRock Pro4 Z370;
• Gigabyte HD3 Z370;
• MSI Z370-A PRO
8 500 RUB.
Operativnaya memory 16 GB DDR4-3200:
• HyperX HX432C16PB3K2/16;
• Corsair CMK16GX4M2D3200C16
14 500 RUB.
Video card NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1070, 8 GB GDDR5:
• Gigabyte GV-N1070G1 GAMING-8GD;
• Palit GeForce GTX 1070 Dual
33 000 rubles.
Drives HDD, 1 TB, 7200 rpm, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Western Digital WD10EZEX;
• Toshiba HDWD110UZSVA;
• Seagate ST1000DM010
3 000 RUB.
SSD, 240-250 GB, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• 860 Samsung EVO MZ-76E250;
• Intel SSD 545s;
• WD Blue 3D WDS250G2B0A
6 000 RUB.
CPU cooler Examples:
• ID-COOLING SE-214;
• Deepcool deepcool gammaxx 400;
• Cooler Master Hyper H412R
1 500 RUB.
Case Examples:
• Zalman Z3 Plus Black;
• Cooler Master MasterBox 5 Lite;
• Thermaltake Versa N26
3 000 RUB.
Power supply Examples:
• Chieftec GPM-650S 650 W;
• GD EVGA 550W 550 W
4 500 RUB.
Total AMD — 87 500 RUB.
Intel — 89 500 RUB.

The optimal build is a good example of how we can point, but very productive to improve virtually every component of the base Assembly. Now I will show it to you.

For example, in this configuration we still use 6-core processors Ryzen 5 series and Core i5. Only now are more productive model. As I said, to buy Ryzen 5 2600X processor makes sense to those who are not going to overclock anything. So, when 12-threaded load the CPU operates at a frequency of 3.95 GHz technology Precision Boost 2 and XFR2 are doing their job. Independently we’ve got to disperse Ryzen 5 2600X just to 4.15 GHz. The difference is small, agree.

Those who are planning to disperse Ryzen, you can safely purchase the cheapest 6-core Ryzen. Model Ryzen 5 1600 without problems will reach a stable frequency 3.9 GHz — the performance of this chip will almost match the performance of the model Ryzen 5 2600X, but you will save about 3 000.

At optimal Assembly the Intel model Core i5-8600. When you load all six cores and enabled MCE this chip operates at a frequency of 4.1 GHz, which is 300 MHz higher than the model Core i5-8400 (in the same operating conditions, of course). At exactly the same frequency in the same conditions, running and Core i5-8600K, so take overclocking Intel CPU makes sense only in one case — if you plan to overclock. You will have to pay about 3,000 rubles, and in no case do not skimp on the cooling system.

Thus in the optimal Assembly cost used Intel chipset Z370 Express. As we know, only this set of logic (and not yet released Z390 Express) allows you to overclock K chips generation Coffee Lake. In the case of “normal” Core i5-8600 us overclocking is not needed, but such a fee is required for use in the system of high frequency RAM. Does it do any good? Of course, there is our recent experiment proves this fully.

In principle, with Core i5-8600 can be used and the cost of the chipset B360 and H370 Express. In this case, it saves not only on her but also on memory, because it will be necessary kit DDR4-2666.

Another improvement was the use of a more capacious SSD. Besides, I recommend to take a fairly productive solutions with SATA. To date, these include models 860 Samsung EVO MZ-76E250, 545s Intel SSD and WD Blue 3D WDS250G2B0A.

Finally, the optimal Assembly continues to be applied, the GeForce GTX 1070. An alternative would be to buy a model GeForce GTX 1070 Ti. Recently, our website has published a review of ZOTAC GeForce GTX 1070 Ti Mini, which with its compact dimensions (length of the video card is only 211 mm) equipped with an effective cooling system.

Alas, but different versions of the Radeon RX Vega 56 are still too much on average for a video card asking for more 45 000. One of the most expensive modifications is the model PowerColor Radeon RX Vega 56 Red Devil (52 000 RUB.), a review of which went on our website last month. The most attractive feature is the ease of overclocking in the hands of an inexperienced user. Enough to flip the BIOS switch and the card is already running at the highest frequency among all modifications of Vega 56 who ever tested in the 3DNews testlab (1650/1900 MHz), and a huge cooling system effortlessly copes with heat dissipation on the GPU.

Source: 3dnews.ru

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