It seems that life is getting better. Back in November of last year, we hoped that by the new year, Intel is still “roll out” more processors Coffee Lake and — most importantly — will present officially the youngest chipsets 300-series: H370, B360 and H310 Express. However, as he said to one offensive player, our expectations are our problems. It so happened that in April the user can collect real budget system on the basis of the LGA1151 platform-v2. In this release, starting, basic and optimal build Intel much has changed.

Ryzen processors of the second generation will be available closer to the end of April, so an updated build of AMD, we will consider in the next release. Be aware of this information if you plan in the near future to collect the system unit on the basis of the “red” solutions, you might need to wait a couple of weeks. Nothing revolutionary AMD is not present (the Network got enough of the leaks), but the new Ryzen will be slightly faster — it is an indisputable fact.

In March worldwide video cards again appeared on the market, which can not but rejoice. Largely because of the shortage graphic accelerator and due to the advent of the new solutions from AMD and Intel decided in March to prepare a special issue of “Computer of the month”, dedicated to the Assembly of compact gaming systems. I think that the experiment was a success: the readers were enthusiastic about the appearance of this material — hence the new special issue of “Computer of the month” continue to be!

Computer of the month — April 2018

For beginners who still can not resolve themselves to “make” yourself PC, on our website there is a detailed step-by-step instructions for Assembly of the system unit. It turns out that in the “Computer of the month” I tell you how to assemble a computer, and the manual how to do it.

Recall that in the heading represent the average prices at “Yandex.Market” (the region of Moscow). Depending on the location and of the selected trading platform you can assemble the same system unit as cheaper and more expensive. The cost of peripherals and software in the calculations is not taken into account, are only evaluated components.

Starter Assembly

The “entry ticket” to the world of modern PC games. The system will allow you to play all the AAA projects in Full HD resolution at least at medium graphics quality settings. Such systems do not have significant reserve strength (over the next 2-3 years), replete with compromises, but are smaller than the other configurations.

Starter Assembly
Processor AMD Ryzen 3 2200G, 4 cores, 3,5 (3,7) GHz, 4 MB L3, AM4, BOX 7 000.
Intel Core i3-8100, 4 cores, 3.6 GHz, 6 MB L3, LGA1151-v2 7 500 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B350 Examples:
• ASUS PRIME B350M-K;
• ASRock AB350M;
• MSI B350M PRO-VD PLUS
4 500 RUB.
Intel Express H310 Examples:
• ASRock H310M-HDV;
• ASUS PRIME H310M-E;
• MSI H310M PRO-VD
4 500 RUB.
RAM 8 GB DDR4-2400/2666:
• Crucial CT8G4DFS824A;
• Samsung DDR4-2400
5 500 RUB.
Video card NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1050 Ti, 4 GB GDDR5:
• Inno3D GeForce GTX1050 Ti Twin X2;
• Palit GeForce GTX1050 Ti Dual;
• MSI GTX 1050 Ti AERO ITX 4G OCV1
13 000 RUB.
Drive HDD, 1 TB, 7200 rpm, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Western Digital WD10EZEX;
• Toshiba HDWD110UZSVA;
• Seagate ST1000DM010
3 000 RUB.
CPU cooler Example for Intel:
• Cooler Master DP6-9GDSB-PL-GP
500 RUB.
Case Examples:
• ACCORD P-28B;
• DeepCool SMARTER
1 500 RUB.
Power supply Examples:
• Chieftec TPS-500S 500W;
• FSP Group ATX-500PNR 500 W;
• Zalman ZM500-LE II 500 W
2 500 RUB.
Total AMD — 37 000 rubles.
Intel — 38 000 rubles.

Very long time in the starter Assembly lay Intel CPUs Pentium generation Kaby Lake. Last fall, when he was presented the first batch of chips Coffee Lake and Z370 Express chipset, use the same Core i3-8100 in the cheapest build “the Computer of the month” was hampered by a lack of cheap boards. Now, with the introduction of solutions based on sets of logic H370, B360 and H310 Express, the situation has changed. For the first time in the history of headings in the starting Assembly complete used Intel Quad-core Intel. Of course, my choice fell on the model Core i3-8100. In previous editions of this chip were used in the base Assembly Intel.

Earlier, when this category was proposed system with a Pentium 3 and G4560 Ryzen 1200, I am more inclined to the second option. All the AM4 platform is more modern and has prospects. Now, however, preferable is a variant of Intel, especially when it comes to gaming the system. This fact is confirmed by various tests conducted on our website. Let’s see how the Core i3-8100 will show itself Ryzen 3 new. However, in the “Computer of the month” all the Assembly of the Intel builds are more expensive than AMD.

This material was written at a time when Intel just announced the second batch of chips Coffee Lake, so the prices of some products in the first days of sales may differ slightly. In the next release I’ll work with accurate data. So, for the starter Assembly Intel we need as cheap as possible fee on the H310 chipset. In most cases, such devices have only two slots for modules of RAM, so 8 GB I recommend to take one of the die, to be able then to be able to buy another module, DDR4-2400. Recall that high frequency RAM support only PCB logic Z370 Express, if we are talking about the LGA1151 platform-v2, — such is the policy of the party Intel. Tighten with the upgrade of RAM is not recommended, as 8 GB in 2018 is a necessary minimum. This topic on our website devoted to a detailed experiment. At the same time to worry about the memory in single channel mode in any case is not: when choosing a video card level Radeon RX 560, GeForce GTX 1050 and even GeForce GTX 1050 Ti system performance in games from using one module of RAM is almost not affected.

Starter Assembly AMD has also changed. Previously, the system uses the youngest Ryzen 3 Quad-core 1200. However, in late February AMD had released the hybrid processors Raven Ridge — 3 2200G and Ryzen Ryzen 5 2400G with integrated graphics Vega Vega 8 and 11, respectively. The Junior model does not support the SMT technology. At the same time Ryzen 3 2200G compared Ryzen 3 1200 halved the cache of the third level and now it is only 4 MB. And yet, tests show that the new product at almost the same price is faster due to a noticeable difference in clock speed — 400 MHz. And in Ryzen Ryzen 2200G 3 and 5 2400G no two CCX with slow connection and the latency L2 and L3 caches has declined.

On the other hand, the difference in 400 MHz a very simple “fix” themselves, since all a-series processors Ryzen equipped with an unlocked multiplier. Plus Ryzen 3 1200 has a full number of lines PCI Express 3.0: 16 vs 8 Ryzen Ryzen 2200G 3 and 5 2400G. If you have these settings critical, then it is better to take a chip without integrated graphics.

System Ryzen Ryzen 2200G 3 or 5 2400G will be beneficial to users who do not plan to use the discrete graphics at all. And those who cannot (or will not) right now to buy a graphics card for an inflated price. Integrated graphics Ryzen 5 2400G along with a set of high frequency RAM are seriously forcing competition to the GeForce GT 1030. Vega 8 used Ryzen 3 2200G, is not so nimble. However, the integrated graphics processor Raven Ridge is quite enough for playing undemanding games such as Dota 2, Counter Strike, Leage of Legends, WoT, and others.

Note that the chips Ryzen Ryzen 2200G 3 and 5 2400G, as well as other models Ryzen 2000-series compatible motherboards based on chipsets A320, B350 and X370, however, in order for the device to recognise the CPU, you must update the firmware. This can be done with these CPU Ryzen first-generation or having to reflash the firmware in the warranty Department of the store. Of course, you can save about 1, 000 and take the cheapest cost chipset A320, but in this case, the processor will not work to subsequently disperse. I believe that dispersal is an important component of the AM4 platform, so the “Computer of the month” recommended devices, based solely on chipsets B350 and X370. Even most cheap motherboards will allow you to overclock Ryzen 2200G 3 to 3.7-3.8 GHz with the use in the system of the stock cooler. “Native”, which comes complete with Ryzen, has a high efficiency.

All chipsets for AMD platform AM4 support high-frequency DDR4. For Raven Ridge officially listed standard DDR4-2993, for the other CPUs — DDR4-2133, DDR4-2400 and DDR4-2667. For a long time with such systems theoretically compatible modules with the effective frequency up to 4000 MHz. On the guaranteed high frequency of RAM along with Ryzen operate stably sets, which consist of two 8 GB modules, built on an 8-Gigabit chips Samsung second generation (B-die). In starting the build of AMD — including to save — it is recommended that the module DDR4-2400 Samsung. For example, Samsung M378A1G43EB1-CRC quietly accelerates to the effective frequency 3066 MHz.

Instead of the Core i3-8100 can take six-core Core i5-8400 (12 000 RUB) — Yes, you have to pay, but the system will be noticeably faster. If you try to save on CPU for Intel starting Assembly, then the best option, in my opinion, will be the Pentium model g5400 is Gold (5 000) is a dual core chip generation Coffee Lake, which supports Hyper-Threading technology. Four threads is still enough for games in 2018, although there are projects like Watch_Dogs 2, GTA V or Assassin’s Creed: Origins, which lack nuclei will manifest itself in the form of an uncontrolled fall of FPS. The Celeron processor (model G4920, G4900 and G4900T), belonging to the family Coffee Lake, Hyper-Threading is not supported. These chips in the “Computer of the month” be considered never will.

Options to increase the speed of the starting Assembly AMD also lie on the surface. The first is to buy a 4-core but 8-threaded CPU Ryzen 5 1500X, which, unlike other Quad Ryzen, has a 16 MB cache third level. The second option is to buy a 6-core model Ryzen Ryzen 5 5 1600 or 1600X. Options to save on the processor within the start build AMD do not see: last year on our website an overview of the Athlon X4 950 is a chip that is noticeably inferior Ryzen 3 1200, including in games, so for our purposes, is not suitable.

In the February issue of the starting Assembly has been used 2 GB version of GeForce GTX 1050 (9 000-11 000). The recent test has shown that this graphics card is sufficient for gaming at medium graphics quality settings, but in April I propose to return to the version with GeForce GTX 1050 Ti. Still, this accelerator is much faster and equipped with 4 GB of video memory, but many of the projects at high and maximum graphics quality settings such volume is not enough. What can we say about the GeForce GTX 1050 2 GB?

The base Assembly

With this PC you can safely play the next couple of years all modern games in Full HD resolution at high and maximum graphics quality settings.

The base Assembly
Processor AMD Ryzen 5 1500X, 4 cores and 8 threads, 3,5 (3,7) GHz, 8+8 MB L3, AM4 10 500 RUB.
Intel Core i5-8400, 6 cores, 2,8 (4,0) GHz, 9 MB L3, LGA1151-v2 12 000 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B350 Examples:
• ASUS PRIME B350M-K;
• ASRock AB350M;
• MSI B350M PRO-VD PLUS
4 500 RUB.
Intel Express H310 Examples:
• ASRock H310M-HDV;
• ASUS PRIME H310M-E;
• MSI H310M PRO-VD
4 500 RUB.
RAM 16 GB DDR4-2400/2666:
• Ballistix BLS2C8G4D26BFSBK;
• Samsung M378A1G43EB1-CRC
12 000 RUB.
Video card NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060, 6 GB GDDR5:
• Palit GeForce GTX 1060 Dual;
• Gigabyte GV-N1060WF2OC-6GD;
• MSI GTX 1060 ARMOR 6G OCV1
23, 000.
Drives HDD, 1 TB, 7200 rpm, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Western Digital WD10EZEX;
• Toshiba HDWD110UZSVA;
• Seagate ST1000DM010
3 000 RUB.
SSD 120-128 GB, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Transcend 230S TS128GSSD230S;
• Kingston SUV400S37/120G
3 000 RUB.
CPU cooler Example:
• Deepcool gammaxx Deepcool 200T
1 000 RUB.
Case Examples:
• Zalman Z3 Plus Black;
• DeepCool TESSERACT;
• Thermaltake Versa N26
3 000 RUB.
Power supply Examples:
• AeroCool Strike-X 600W;
• Deepcool DA600 600 W;
• Cooler Master B600 ver.2 600 watts
3 000 RUB.
Total AMD — 63 000 rubles.
Intel — 64 500 rubles.

In fact, the basic build looks like the option to upgrade the starting system. Act logically: double the RAM, take the video card, which will draw a modern AAA projects, buy SSD 120-128 GB — and begin to live like human beings. Of course, if you increase the budget we can afford to get a more powerful CPU and higher quality case with power supply.

Unfortunately, to improve all fail. So, in the Assembly, Intel is still used as a cheap motherboard on chipset Express H310 with two DIMM slots. In principle, 16 GB of RAM for modern games will last for a long time, but you can immediately work out a plan “B” and purchase one module DDR4-2666, over time (couple of years) to increase the amount of RAM in the system twice.

Cheap motherboards for H310 Express officially support installation including overclocking chips Core i5-and Core i7 8600K-8700K. However, these devices too can save on the power system, and such CPU under load can seriously throttling. We’ve seen this even on cheap boards chipset Express Z270, in the testing process which proved that they don’t hold Boost the frequency of the Core i7-7700K.

In our system uses six-core Core i5-8400, which up to this point included in the optimal Assembly. By saving it on the motherboard we can afford it within the base Assembly. I think the converters power cheap H310-plat will still be able to ensure the stable operation of the chip under load. Also, remember that the six-core Core i5 processors require in the build quality of the cooling system.

A small cooler of tower type will be useful in the base Assembly with AMD, if you plan to use AMD Ryzen 5 1500X. As always, in the case of chips based on the architecture of Zen, you can count on a stable 3,7-3,8 GHz with a slight increase in heat generation. Ryzen to overclock to 3.9-4.0 GHz should significantly increase the voltage up to 1.45 V. the voltage can be raised above is not recommended by the manufacturer — this can lead to degradation of the processor.

DDR4 not going to go down. In April, the most simple set of standard DDR4-2666 is an average of 12-13 thousand rubles. High frequency kits of RAM is much more expensive, so in the starting and base assemblies are also used by low memory. For both systems I recommend to buy the Samsung modules Mxxxxxxxxxxxx-CRC operating on the effective frequency of 2133 and 2400 MHz. They quietly dispersed to 2933 and even up to 3066 MHz with a slight increase in delays and timings. The memory overclocking will significantly increase the performance of chips Ryzen: the use of the kit DDR4-3200 in comparison with the kit DDR4-2133 makes the system faster by an average of 15 %. For LGA1151 platform-v2 you can use any kits DDR4-2400/2666.

Presents only the models Core i5-8500 Core and Core i5-8600 yet do not look successful purchase — they are much more expensive Core i5-8400 (4-6 thousand), but it gives a tiny increase in clock frequency: 200 and 300 MHz, respectively. If you take the “stone” better, you have to choose between the Core i5-8600K and Core i7-8700. In the first case, the necessary cost chipset Z370 Express, if you plan on overclocking the chip.

At the same price system with 5 2400G Ryzen in terms of performance looks not so attractive. Testing shows that Ryzen 5 1500X performs most tasks faster. In addition, this chip has 16 lines PCI Express 3.0 and 16 MB cache in the third level. The option of Ryzen 5 1400 also interesting: this processor is cheaper Ryzen 5 1500X only 500-1, 000, but has half the cache of the third level and runs at 3.2 GHz.

But the ways to improve the base Assembly AMD several. In my opinion, the place Ryzen 5 1500X ideal Ryzen 5 1600 (+2 000). The second option would be to buy a kit of memory DDR4-3200 is DDR4-2666, but faster memory will have to pay about 2 000.

Since June of last year in tables of the “Computer of the month” they are the only GeForce, although I within the starting and basic assemblies we recommend different versions of the adapters Radeon RX. Unfortunately, due to the mining boom the price of “red” boosters still can not sink to an adequate value. In April the situation has changed for the better, and much cheaper AMD. So the 4-Gigabyte version of the Radeon RX 570 can be bought for 20-25 thousand rubles, and 8-Gigabyte Radeon RX 580 for 25-30 thousand. It is impossible to say that the GeForce GTX 1060 6 GB worth considerably less. I hope the next release Radeon RX 580 is still cheaper and will reappear in the table.

In the Assembly on the Intel platform as a possible alternative to a small SSD can be considered drive Intel Optane Memory, which will allow to quicken the configuration with the HDD due to cache hits. But in this case mandatory need motherboard chipset B360, H370 or Z370 Express. Our tests show that the use of this option is good because the user does not need to choose which programs to put on a fast medium or a slow hard disk. Optane speeds up frequently used files automatically. And soon in the sale will be the fastest Intel larger.

In the base, optimum, and maximum advanced assemblies available power supply capacity 600-750 watts. It is clear that these systems do not need such number of watts. For example, an Assembly with a Core i7-7700 and GeForce GTX 1080 in games consumes a maximum of 250 watts. However, the choice of these models has several arguments. First, the difference in price between the units 400, 500 and 600 watts is insignificant. We will save a lot of money, but only overpay, as even during the installation of the CPU and video card with more TDP-power power supply will still be sufficient with a good margin. Second, any power supply operates with maximum efficiency when loading in the range of 40-60 %. In this mode, the BP components are less heated and the fan operates at reduced speed. Third, models with a capacity of 600-700 watts elementary more cables with the necessary connectors.

Take the power supply capacity of 1 kW and more in home systems with a single processor and a pair of graphics cards really pointless.

Optimal Assembly

System that is able in most cases to run a particular game at the maximum graphics quality settings in Full HD resolution.

Optimal Assembly
Processor AMD 1600X Ryzen 5, 6 cores and 12 threads, a 3.6 (of 4.0) GHz, 8+8 MB L3, AM4 13 500 RUB.
Intel Core i7-8700, 6 cores and 12 threads, 3,2 (4,6) GHz, 12 MB L3, LGA1151-v2 20 000 RUB.
Motherboard AMD B350 Examples:
• ASUS PRIME B350-PLUS;
• MSI GAMING B350 PLUS;
• Gigabyte GA-AB350-GAMING 3;
• AB350 ASRock Fatal1ty Gaming K4
6 000 RUB.
Intel B360 Express Examples:
• ASRock Fatal1ty Gaming B360 K4;
• ASUS ROG STRIX B360-H GAMING
8 500 RUB.
RAM 16 GB DDR4-2666/3200:
• Ballistix BLS2C8G4D26BFSBK;
• Corsair CMK16GX4M2D3200C16
12 000/15, 000.
Video card NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1070, 8 GB GDDR5:
• Gigabyte GV-N1070G1 GAMING-8GD;
• Palit Dual;
• Zotac ZT-P10700E-10S
35 000 rubles.
Drives HDD, 1 TB, 7200 rpm, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Western Digital WD10EZEX;
• Toshiba HDWD110UZSVA;
• Seagate ST1000DM010
3 000 RUB.
SSD 120-128 GB, SATA 6 GB/s Examples:
• Transcend 230S TS128GSSD230S;
• Kingston SUV400S37/120G
3 000 RUB.
CPU cooler Examples:
• ID-COOLING SE-214;
• Deepcool deepcool gammaxx 400;
• Scythe SCTTM-1000A Tatsumi
1 500 RUB.
Case Examples:
• Zalman Z3 Plus Black;
• Cooler Master MasterBox 5 Lite;
• Thermaltake Versa N26
3 000 RUB.
Power supply Examples:
• AeroCool Strike-X 600W;
• Deepcool DA600 600 W;
• Cooler Master B600 ver.2 600 watts
3 000 RUB.
Total AMD — 83 000.
Intel 89 000 RUB.

Continue to build the capacity of the platforms AM4 and LGA1151-v2. So, at increase in the budget of 20-25 thousand rubles, we can safely get noticeably more efficient CPU and graphics card. Since the optimal build in both systems are used exclusively 6-core CPU.

Options to build the optimal build of the Intel see two. The first is an Assembly based on the Core i5-8600K (17 000) and a cheap motherboard chipset Z370 Express (10 000). The second system is based on inexpensive but high-quality Board on the basis of logic B360 Express (8 500 RUB.) and 12-threaded Core i7-8700 (20 000 RUB). The advantages of the first system are undeniable: the Board have the option of overclocking the CPU, and also support high frequency RAM. The benefits of the second Assembly is also obvious: we have at their disposal Core i7-8700, which is when you load all six cores can run at a frequency of about 4 GHz. This level of performance is enough time, and certainly this Coffee Lake will be enough for any gaming video card market. In General, both options look very interesting.

Plus the system on the basis Z370-card lies in the fact that such decisions support MultiCore Enhancements, which allows you to remove restrictions to limit power consumption, which gives the processor the ability to do without compromising speed under high load. According to our data, devices based on chipsets H310, B360 and H370 this feature will not be supported. Therefore it is likely that the processors Coffee Lake will work, without departing from the scope of the TDP. A lot depends on the type of load on the CPU and from the CPU. Read more about the work of the MCE function, you can find here (on the model Core i5-8400).

Sense to use a combination of multiple graphics adapters I see only the most expensive systems and GPU, therefore, in the optimal Assembly, we can painlessly take fees on the basis of younger chipsets 300-series, which do not support NVIDIA SLI and AMD CrossFire they put only on the scheme x16+x4. Don’t agree with me? Then go ahead for buying a Board on chipset Z370! Do not forget in advance to get a power supply with 750-850 watts.

To build AMD card is used on a smaller chipset B350, so as to disperse any of the listed Ryzen chips is enough motherboards based on this chipset. Again, as in the case with the Assembly of Intel, to pay for a more feature-rich chipset X370 makes sense only for arrays support AMD CrossFire and NVIDIA SLI according to the scheme x8+x8 PCI Express 3.0. As an example, the table shows the following devices: ASUS PRIME B350-PLUS B350 PLUS MSI GAMING, Gigabyte GA-AB350-GAMING 3 or ASRock Fatal1ty Gaming AB350 K4 — a comparative review of these boards is on our website. Manufacturers do not hesitate to call your Board game, but every single save on the Converter supply. In the end, when overclocking an 8-core chip, the limiting factor is the overheating VRM area. And if you get Ryzen 7 can operate stably at a frequency of 4-4,1 GHz, it is better to take him for a better fee. However, for overclocking Ryzen 5 enough these devices. Overclock CPU to 3.8-3.9 GHz and use fast RAM DDR4-3200 will increase the system performance by 20-25 % — a quite good increase of productivity, which will not be superfluous.

If you look at the cost of the assemblies, we will see a noticeable bias towards Intel. It will be observed even if, instead of the Core i7-8700 to use a Core i5-8600K. On the one hand, it is logical to the configuration to add the AMD 8-core model 1700X Ryzen 7 (20 500 rubles). In this case, when running multi-threaded tasks “red” (acceleration — all the more so) will be faster than the Intel configuration. On the other hand, in games PC 1600X Ryzen 5 is no worse than the desktop with Ryzen 7 1700X. In April, for an optimal build I chose the second option, but let’s see how the situation will change in may.

How to reduce the cost of configuration AMD and Intel, I think everything is clear. If you plan to overclock the CPU, the sense in buying Ryzen 5 1600X no. Enough to get Ryzen 5 1600 — until the 3.8-3.9 GHz it quietly dispersed. The letter “X” in the name of AMD chips, by the way, talking about the support of the automatic overclocking function XFR (Extended Frequency Range), which allows you to exceed the figure Turbo Core at 100 MHz when the load on one core. However, the models without the letter “X” in the name of technology, the XFR is also present. Just some chips frequency increases with smaller step.

To save under the optimal build AMD and the memory kit. Leave 1 500-2 000 in the wallet will help in buying less expensive kit DDR4-2400 from Samsung — but it is desirable to disperse on their own.

I used to say that for the platform LGA1151pokupka Core i7-7700K instead of the Core i7-7700 seems a rational solution, even if you are not going to overclock Kaby Lake. But to take Core i7-8700K instead of the Core i7-8700 without further overclocking To the chip I don’t see the point when you load all six cores, these processors operate on similar frequencies. The older models are more aggressive Turbo Boost only with the active work of a smaller number of “heads”.

If you want to take it a Core i7-8700K, then this chip, you can watch cheap model Z370 chipset Express. For example, last month our website has published a review of Gigabyte AORUS Gaming 3 Z370.

In the April issue of the optimal Assembly is a simple SSD 2.5-inch version with a volume of 120 GB, although for a long time in the assemblies of this level were used SSD in the 240-256 GB. At this step I went in connection with a noticeable increase in the price of the RAM and graphics card. If you wish, you can always take instead of the drive or the longer version, or even faster NVMe drive: for example, the model 960 Samsung EVO or Intel 760p.

The Assembly returned the GeForce GTX 1070, and I again complain that it is monitored by PWM model Radeon RX Vega 56 are unreasonably (for gamers) expensive — the price of the different models varies in the range from 42 to 49 thousand rubles.

Source: 3dnews.ru

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